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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Caenogastropoda (Subclass) > Neogastropoda (Order) > Muricoidea (Superfamily) > Muricidae (Family)
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Muricidae: Muricinae

  • Chicoreus ramosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Tropical Indo-Pacific. Occasional records from Tauranga and Takou Bay, Northland A
  • Timbellus bilobatus Houart, 2012
    (=sp.cf. richeri Houart & Héros)
    Kermadec Islands to New Caledonia K
  • Timbellus flemingi (Beu, 1967)
    Height 35mm, Marine, Endemic
    Trawled off Three Kings Islands, and Northland to Palliser Bay ACE.
  • Timbellus richeri (Houart, 1987)
    Length 28mm, Marine
    North Island, E. of Poor Knights Islands. Also off New Caledonia A
  • Muricidae: Coralliophilinae

  • Babelomurex lischkeanus (Dunker, 1882)
    Height 62mm, Width 41mm, Marine. On scleractinian corals
    North Island, Outer Hauraki Gulf to Bay of Plenty and New Plymouth. Also Japan, South China Sea, Philippines and Queensland to Victoria, Australia KA
  • Babelomurex nakamigawai (Kuroda, 1959)
    Height 35mm, Width 24mm, Marine
    Cavalli Seamount, ENE of North Cape, 470-480 metres. Also off Japan, South China Sea, Philippines and Australia A
  • Babelomurex wormaldi (Powell, 1971)
    Height 22mm, Width 18mm, Marine
    Northland to Bay of Plenty. Also Kermadec Islands, Philippine Islands and South-West Pacific. Approximately 160-650 metres A
  • Coralliophila bulbiformis (Conrad, 1837)
    Height 26mm, Width 19mm, Marine
    Kermadec Islands. Off Poor Knights Islands, Northland KA
  • Coralliophila monodonta (Blainville, 1832)
    (=madreporarum G.B.Sowerby I)
    Height 30mm, Marine
    Kermadec Islands K
  • Coralliophila radula (A. Adams, 1855)
    Length 28mm, Width 21mm, Marine
    Kermadec Islands K
  • Coralliophila sertata (Hedley, 1903)
    Height 22mm, Width 12mm, Marine
    Off Three Kings Islands and Northland to East Cape KA
  • Coralliophila solutistoma Kuroda & Shikama in Shikama, 1966
    Length 27mm, Width 16mm, Marine
    Kermadec Islands K
  • Coralliophila sp. aff. sertata (Hedley, 1903)
    Height 13.75, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Kermadec Islands and northern NZ KAE.
  • Coralliophila squamosissima (E.A. Smith, 1876)
    (=Neothais clathrata Willan not A.Adams, =sertata Brook & Marshall not Hedley)
    Height 30mm, Width 21mm, Marine
    South Africa, Indo-West Pacific, Australia, Kermadec Islands and Northland east coast KA
  • Emozamia licina (Hedley & Petterd, 1906)
    Height 20mm, Width 14mm, Marine
    Northland to Bay of Plenty. Also New South Wales to Tasmania, Australia, Japan, Philippines A
  • Hirtomurex marshalli Oliverio, 2008
    Length 26mm, Width 15mm, Marine
    Norfolk Ridge, 276-513 metres. NW of Cape Reinga, Far North, 570-580 metres. Cavalli Seamount, ENE of North Cape, 840-850 metres KA
  • Hirtomurex nakamurai Kosuge, 1985
    Height 38mm, Width 23mm, Marine
    Japan and Australia. Southern Norfolk Ridge, NW of Cape Reinga, Far North, 514-540 metres A
  • Hirtomurex tangaroa Marshall & Oliverio, 2009
    Height 26mm, Width 16mm, Marine, Endemic
    Southern Kermadec Ridge, 698-1140 metres. Off Hokianga, 1029-1074 metres KAE.
  • Hirtomurex taranui Marshall & Oliverio, 2009
    Height 32mm, Width 17mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Gisborne, 750-913 metres. E of Mercury Island, 990-1100 metres. Southern Kermadec Ridge, 712-924 metres AE.
  • Latiaxis pilsbryi Hirase, 1908
    Width 7.7mm, Height 5.2mm, Marine
    Western Pacific, Kermadec Islands, 366-422 metres K
  • Leptoconchus sp.
    Height 22.3mm, Width 19.4mm, Marine
    Off Raoul Island, Kermadec Islands K
  • Mipus matsumotoi Kosuge, 1985
    Height 26.5mm, Width 11.5mm, Marine
    Southern Japan, South Africa and tropical W Pacific. Norfolk Ridge and Kermadec Islands, 465-756 metres K
  • Morula palmeri Powell, 1967
    Height 22mm, Width 12mm, Marine
    Kermadec Islands, Northland east coast, down to Bay of Plenty and off East Cape KA
  • Oppomorus noduliferus (Menke, 1829)
    (=chaidea Duclos, =nodulifera Menke)
    Height 22mm, Width 14mm, Marine
    Northland east coast. Also New South Wales, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Caledonia and Kermadec Islands KA
  • Uttleya ahiparana (Powell, 1927)
    Height 20mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland. Dredged around 30-40 metres AE.
  • Uttleya marwicki Powell, 1952
    Height 20mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait area CE.
  • Uttleya williamsi Powell, 1952
    Height 11mm, Width 3.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island, Bay of Plenty AE.
  • Muricidae: Haustrinae

  • Haustrum albomarginatum (Deshayes, 1839)
    Marine, Endemic
    Throughout NZ ACFME.
  • Haustrum haustorium (Gmelin, 1791)
    Height 65mm, Width 45mm, Brown Rock Shell, Dark Rock Shell. Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Chatham Islands ACME.
  • Haustrum lacunosum (Bruguière, 1789)
    Height 40mm, Width 25mm, Marine, Endemic. Lamellose within the grooves
    Cook Strait south, Stewart Island, Auckland and Chatham Islands CFMAnE.
  • Haustrum scobina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    Height 34mm, Width 20mm, Oyster Borer. Marine, Endemic
    Throughout New Zealand and the Chatham Islands ACFME.
  • Muricidae: Muricopsinae

  • Favartia garrettii (Pease, 1868)
    (=Hexaplex puniceus Oliver)
    Height 15mm, Marine
    Pacific, Hawaii, Kermadec Islands K
  • Murexsul espinosus (Hutton, 1885)
    Height 35mm, Width 17mm, Marine, Endemic
    Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene, eastern North Island between Hastings and Cape Palliser. Recent from Ranfurly Bank, off East Cape to off Mahia Peninsula ACE.
  • Murexsul mariae Finlay, 1930
    Height 29mm, Width 14mm, Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands, North Island as far south as East Cape AE.
  • Murexsul octogonus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    (=cuvierensis Finlay)
    Height 89mm, Width 48mm, Octagonal Murex. Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings and North Island down to Kapiti Island and Mahia Peninsula ACE.
  • Murexsul profunda (Marshall & Burch, 2000)
    Height 10.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands, 91-710 metres AE.
  • Rolandiella scotti (Marshall & Burch, 2000)
    Height 60mm, Width 32mm, Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands and NE North Island, 13-168 metres, living 8-40 metres AE.
  • Muricidae: Pagodulinae

  • Axymene aucklandicus (E.A.Smith, 1902)
    Height 13mm, Width 6.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Cook Strait to Stewart Island. Snares, Bounty, Campbell and Auckland Islands CFAnE.
  • Axymene traversi (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 19mm, Width 9mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands, littoral to shallow subtidal. More common in north ACFME.
  • Comptella coronata Dell, 1956
    Height 5.5mm, Width 2.2mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Mernoo Bank to Chatham Islands CME.
  • Comptella curta (Murdoch, 1905)
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Stewart Island. Snares, Campbell and Auckland Islands FAnE.
  • Comptella devia (Suter, 1908)
    Height 7mm, Width 3mm, Marine, Endemic
    Snares Islands AnE.
  • Enixotrophon carduelis (Watson, 1883)
    Height 40mm, Width 25mm, Marine
    New South Wales, southern Lord Howe Rise, West Norfolk Ridge, Kermadec Ridge, and off north-eastern North Island, 320-1216 metres KAC
  • Enixotrophon eos Marshall & Houart, 2011
    Height 45mm, Width 23mm, Marine, Endemic
    South-eastern North Island, south-eastern South Island and Chatham Rise, 1100-2130 metres CFME.
  • Enixotrophon eumorpha Marshall & Houart, 2011
    Height 24.6mm, Marine
    Macquarie Ridge, 460-470 metres An
  • Enixotrophon hastulus Marshall & Houart, 2011
    Height 53.4mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Rise, 1000-1010 metres ME.
  • Enixotrophon latus (Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    (=carduelis of authors not Watson)
    Height 55mm, Width 32mm, Marine
    Eastern Australia, Lord Howe Rise, Kermadec Ridge, Chatham Rise, and off North Island and north-eastern and western South Island, 384-1395 meters KACFM
  • Enixotrophon macquariensis (Powell, 1957)
    Height 22mm, Width 10.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Macquarie Ridge, 69-810 metres AnE.
  • Enixotrophon maxwelli Marshall & Houart, 2011
    Height 53mm, Width 22mm, Marine, Endemic
    West Norfolk Ridge, W of Cape Reinga, Challenger Plateau, off North and South Islands, Chatham Rise, Bounty Trough, 867-2677 metres CFME.
  • Enixotrophon obtusus (Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 29mm, Marine
    Fiji, West Norfolk Ridge, Southern Norfolk Ridge, Three Kings Rise, Kermadec Ridge, and off northern and eastern North Island, 741-1385 metres KAC
  • Enixotrophon occiduus (Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 26mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic
    West Norfolk Ridge, 950-987 metres AE.
  • Enixotrophon pygmaeus (Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 13mm, Marine
    Lord Howe Rise and Challenger Plateau, 1029-1186 metres C
  • Enixotrophon tangaroa Marshall & Houart, 2011
    Height 37mm, Marine, Endemic
    North-eastern South Island and Chatham Rise, 880-2155 metres CME.
  • Enixotrophon venustus (Marshall & Houart, 2011)
    Height 55mm, Width 21mm, Marine
    Tasmania, West Norfolk Ridge S of Norfolk Island, Kermadec Ridge, and off northern and eastern North Island, Hikurangi Trench and Chatham Rise, 850-1239 metres KACMAn
  • Enixotrophon veronicae (Pastorino, 1999)
    Height 52mm, Width 22mm, Marine
    Southern Chile, Strait of Magellan, South Georgia, Tasmania and Bollons Plateau, southern New Zealand, 298-1281 metres An
  • Lenitrophon convexus (Suter, 1909)
    Height 9mm, Width 4.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Southern South Island. Stewart, Snares and Chatham Islands FMAnE.
  • Minortrophon crassiliratus (Suter, 1908)
    Height 3mm, Width 1.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Taiaroa Head, Otago, to Stewart Island. Off Snares and Chatham Islands FMAnE.
  • Paratrophon cheesemani (Hutton, 1882)
    Height 19mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island west coast, from Ninety Mile Beach to Kawhia ACE.
  • Paratrophon cheesemani exsculptus Powell, 1933
    Height 20mm, Width 12mm, Marine, Endemic
    West Coast North and South Islands from Port Waikato to Jackson Bay, south of Haast CE.
  • Paratrophon patens (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854)
    Height 24mm, Width 15mm, Marine, Endemic. Lamellose within the grooves
    South Island and Stewart Island. On exposed rocky shores CFE.
  • Paratrophon quoyi (Reeve, 1846)
    (=stangeri Powell)
    Height 35mm, Width 18mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island. From low tide, often around Corallina seaweed ACE.
  • Poirieria kopua Dell, 1956
    Height 21mm, Width 15mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Bay of Plenty southwards and Chatham Rise. Trawled around 500-1000 metres CFME.
  • Poirieria syrinx Marshall & Houart, 1995
    Height 26mm, Width 24mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Bay of Plenty, and Cook Strait, 482-786 metres on mud ACE.
  • Poirieria zelandica (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
    Height 79mm, Width 86mm, Spiny Murex. Marine, Endemic
    Three Kings Islands to Stewart Island, Challenger Plateau and Chatham Islands, 0-540 metres ACFME.
  • Terefundus anomalus Dell, 1956
    Height 3.6mm, Width 2.1mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off Eastern Otago and Chatham Islands FME.
  • Terefundus axirugosus Dell, 1956
    Height 5mm, Width 2.7mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. Off eastern Otago and Chatham Islands FME.
  • Terefundus crispulatus (Suter, 1908)
    Height 4mm, Width 1.9mm, Marine, Endemic
    Lower South Island. Stewart Chathams and Snares Islands FMAnE.
  • Terefundus cuvierensis (Mestayer, 1919)
    Height 4.5mm, Width 2mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Bay of Plenty, trawled AE.
  • Terefundus quadracinctus (Suter, 1908)
    Height 4.4mm, Width 2.1mm, Marine, Recent, Fossil, Endemic
    South Island, from Otago south, and Snares Islands FAnR.Fo.E.
  • Terefundus quadracinctus unicarinatus Dell, 1956
    Height 4.3mm, Width 2.3mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Chatham Islands ME.
  • Xymene huttoni (Murdoch, 1900)
    (=tmetus Finlay)
    Height 16mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island ACFE.
  • Xymene plebeius (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 22mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic. In harbours and estuaries
    North, South and Stewart Island ACFE.
  • Xymene pumilus (Suter, 1909)
    Height 20mm, Width 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    From Cape Campbell to Stewart Island, and Auckland Islands. Sublittoral to about 550 metres CFAnE.
  • Xymene teres (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 6mm, Width 3.3mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island, off Taiaroa Head, Otago, 90 metres FE.
  • Xymene warreni Ponder, 1972
    Height 20mm, Width 11mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island West Coast CE.
  • Xymenella pusilla (Suter, 1907)
    (=gouldi of authors)
    Height 10mm, 5mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island and east coast of South Island to Stewart Island ACFE.
  • Zeatrophon ambiguus (Philippi, 1844)
    Height 64mm, Width 38mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. From low tide to about 50 fathoms ACFME.
  • Zeatrophon mortenseni (Odhner, 1924)
    Height 14mm, Width 6.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Auckland Islands, intertidal to about 10 metres AnE.
  • Zeatrophon mortenseni caudatinus (Finlay, 1930)
    Height 23mm, Width 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Stewart Island and Chatham Islands. From 20-200 metres ACFME.
  • Zeatrophon pulcherrimus Finlay, 1930
    Height 18mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. From 15-600 metres ACFME.
  • Muricidae: Rapaninae

  • Agnewia tritoniformis (Blainville, 1833)
    Height 29mm, Width 16mm, Marine
    Northland to Bay of Plenty. Also Australia, Queensland to SA and Tasmania A
  • Dicathais orbita (Gmelin, 1791)
    (=scalaris Menke)
    Height 110mm, Width 70mm, White Rock Shell, Cart Rut Shell. Marine
    Northland to northern South Island and Chatham Islands. Also Australia and Lord Howe Island KACM
  • Neothais smithi (Brazier, 1889)
    Height 34mm, Width 22mm, Marine
    Northland east coast to Mayor Island, Bay of Plenty. Also Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec Islands KA
  • Ponderia zealandica Hutton, 1873
    Height 30mm, Width 21mm, Marine, Recent, Fossil, Endemic
    Cook Strait and off Cape Campbell, Bay of Plenty to East Cape. Castlecliff, Wanganui fossil CR.Fo.E.
  • Prototyphis eos (Hutton, 1873)
    Height 30mm, Width 16mm, Dawn Murex. Marine, Endemic
    Northland east coast to Bay of Plenty and East Cape AE.
  • Prototyphis paupereques (Powell, 1974)
    Height 30mm, Width 19mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off northland east coast AE.
  • Muricidae: Trophoninae

  • Trophon albolabratus E.A. Smith, 1875
    Height 38mm, Width 22mm, Marine, Endemic
    Bounty Plateau, also Kerguelen and Macquarie Islands below low tide AnE.
  • Trophon mawsoni Powell, 1957
    Height 46mm, Width 28mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Macquarie Island, 29-549 metres AnE.
  • Muricidae: Typhinae

  • Monstrotyphis montfortii (A. Adams, 1863)
    Height 9.1mm, Marine
    Northern Japan, Philippine Islands, Natal and Transkei, South Africa, and northern New Zealand, living at 50-200 metres A
  • Monstrotyphis pauperis (Mestayer, 1916)
    Height 10mm, Width 6mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northland to Bay of Plenty AE.
  • Monstrotyphis tangaroa Houart & B. Marshall, 2012
    Height 7.9mm, Marine, Endemic
    Northern New Zealand, 63-622 metres AE.
  • Siphonochelus solus Vella, 1961
    Height 8mm, Width 4mm, Marine, Endemic
    Western and north-eastern North Island and north-western South Island, 178-1029 metres ACE.
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approxomation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =