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Species List for Subfamily: Cantharidinae
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Mollusca (Phylum) > Gastropoda (Class) > Vetigastropoda (Subclass) > Trochida (Order) > Trochoidea (Superfamily) > Trochidae (Family) > Cantharidinae (Subfamily)
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  • Subfamily: Cantharidinae

  • Cantharidus antipodum (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854)
    =Cantharidus (Pseudomargarella) antipodum (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854) accepted, alternate representation, =Cantharidus antipodum antipodum (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848), =Cantharidus antipodum hinemoa (Powell, 1955), =Cantharidus roseus (Hutton, 1873), =Chrysostoma rosea Hutton, 1873 Hutton, 1873, =Margarella antipoda (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848), =Margarella antipoda antipoda (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848), =Margarella antipoda hinemoa Powell, 1955, =Margarella antipoda rosea (Hutton, 1873), =Margarella hinemoa Powell, 1955, =Margarita antipoda Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848, =Photinula decepta Iredale, 1908
    Width 12mm, Height 10mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island, Otago to Stewart Island, Snares, Campbell, Auckland and Antipodes Islands. Under kelp holdfasts FAnE.
  • Cantharidus capillaceus (Philippi, 1848)
    =Cantharidus (Cantharidus) capillaceus (Philippi, 1849), =Cantharidus (Plumbelenchus) coruscans (Hedley, 1916), =Cantharidus coruscans (Hedley, 1916), =Cantharidus pruininus (Gould, 1849) (error for pruninus), =Cantharidus pruninus (Gould, 1849), =Cantharidus pruninus var. minor E.A. Smith, 1902, =Cantharidus pruninus var. perobtusa Pilsbry, 1889, =Cantharidus zealandicus A. Adams, 1853, =Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) capillaceus (Philippi, 1849), =Micrelenchus capillaceus (Philippi, 1849), =Photinula coruscans Hedley, 1916, =Trochus (Osilinus) capillaceus Philippi, 1849, =Trochus capillaceus Philippi, 1849, =Trochus episcopus Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848, =Trochus pruninus Gould, 1849
    Height 28mm, Width 20mm, Marine
    Auckland, Campbell and Antipodes Islands An
  • Cantharidus dilatatus (G.B. Sowerby II, 1870)
    =Cantharidus (Cantharidus) dilatatus (G.B. Sowerby II, 1870) accepted, alternate representation, =Chrysostoma simulata Hutton, 1873, =Elenchus dilatatus G.B. Sowerby II, 1870, =Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) dilatatus (G.B. Sowerby II, 1870), =Micrelenchus dilatatus (G.B. Sowerby II, 1870), =Photinula suteri E.A. Smith, 1894
    Height 8mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. On kelp at low tide to about 5 metres ACFME.
  • Cantharidus festivus (B.A. Marshall, 1998)
    =Cantharidus (Cantharidus) festivus (B.A. Marshall, 1998) accepted, alternate representation, =Micrelenchus festivus B.A. Marshall, 1998
    Height 6.2mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands and off Cape Reinga, Far North, 13-88 metres AE.
  • Cantharidus fulminatus (Hutton, 1873)
    =Cantharidus (Pseudomargarella) fulminatus (Hutton, 1873) accepted, alternate representation, =Chrysostoma fulminata Hutton, 1873, =Margarella fulminata (Hutton, 1873)
    Width 8mm, Height 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Chatham Islands, intertidal to shallow water ME.
  • Cantharidus opalus (Martyn, 1784)
    =Cantharidus (Cantharidus) opalus (Martyn, 1784) accepted, alternate representation, =Cantharidus iris (Gmelin, 1791), =Cantharidus opalus cannoni Powell, 1933, =Cantharidus opalus var. biangulatus Suter, 1908, =Limax opalus Martyn, 1784, =Trochus acuminatus Perry, 1811, =Trochus iris Gmelin, 1791
    Height 50mm, Width 38mm, Opal Top Shell, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands. Littoral to moderate depths ACFME.
  • Cantharidus puysegurensis (Powell, 1939)
    =Cantharidus (Pseudomargarella) puysegurensis (Powell, 1939) accepted, alternate representation, =Cantharidus antipodum puysegurensis (Powell, 1939), =Margarella antipoda puysegurensis Powell, 1939, =Margarella puysegurensis Powell, 1939
    Height 5.0mm, Width 5.5mm, Marine, Endemic, Distinct flattened base and wide umbilicus
    South Island CFE.
  • Cantharidus turneri (Powell, 1939)
    =Cantharidus (Pseudomargarella) turneri (Powell, 1939) accepted, alternate representation, =Margarella turneri Powell, 1939
    Width 9mm, Height 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Stewart Island. On seaweed covered rocks FE.
  • Micrelenchus burchorum B.A. Marshall, 1998
    =Cantharidus burchorum B.A. Marshall, 1998, =Micrelenchus (Mawhero) burchorum (B.A. Marshall, 1998) accepted, alternate representation
    Height 26mm, Width 16mm, Marine, Endemic
    Off Three Kings Islands, 5-33 metres on algae. Middlesex Bank and King Bank, 7-805 metres AE.
  • Micrelenchus huttonii (E.A. Smith, 1876)
    =Cantharidus huttonii (E.A. Smith, 1876), =Gibbula plumbea Hutton, 1878, =Micrelenchus (Micrelenchus) huttonii (E.A. Smith, 1876) accepted, alternate representation, =Trochus (Cantharidus) huttonii E.A. Smith, 1876
    Height 11.5mm, Marine, Endemic
    Bay of Islands south, and Stewart Island. 0-7 metres, Inhabits sheltered waters, especially Zostera, sea-grass, on tidal flats and sheltered rock pools ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus purpureus (Gmelin, 1791)
    =Cantharidus (Mawhero) purpureus (Gmelin, 1791), =Cantharidus purpureus (Gmelin, 1791), =Helix purpurea Gmelin, 1791, =Micrelenchus (Mawhero) purpureus (Gmelin, 1791) accepted, alternate representation, =Phasianella rubella Menke, 1828, =Trochus elegans Gmelin, 1791, =Trochus pallidus Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848, =Trochus rostratus Gmelin, 1791, =Trochus texturatus Gould, 1849, =Trochus torosus Kiener, 1850
    Height 35mm, Width 21mm, Marine, Endemic
    North and South Island. On seaweed at low tide to about 120 metres ACE.
  • Micrelenchus sanguineus (Gray in Dieffenbach, 1843)
    =Cantharidus oliveri Iredale, 1915, =Cantharidus sanguineus (Gray, 1843), =Micrelenchus (Micrelenchus) sanguineus (Gray, 1843) accepted, alternate representation, =Micrelenchus oliveri (Iredale, 1915), =Micrelenchus oliveri cryptus Powell, 1946, =Trochus (Gibbium) sanguineus Gray, 1843
    Height 8mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South and Stewart Island ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus tenebrosus A. Adams, 1853
    =Cantharidus tenebrosus A. Adams, 1853, =Gibbula dolorosa Tenison-Woods, 1877, =Micrelenchus (Micrelenchus) tenebrosus (A. Adams, 1853) accepted, alternate representation, =Micrelenchus parcipictus Powell, 1946, =Trochus (Gibbula) scamnatus P. Fischer, 1878
    Height 11mm, Width 10mm, Marine, Endemic, Coastal, open water on seaweed and under kelp holdfasts
    Southern North Island, South and Stewart Island. Under stones in coastal regions ACFE.
  • Micrelenchus tesselatus (A. Adams, 1851)
    =Cantharidella tesselata (A. Adams, 1853), =Cantharidus tesselatus (A. Adams, 1853), =Chrysostoma inconspicua Hutton, 1873, =Gibbula nitida A. Adams & Angas, 1864, =Margarita tesselata A. Adams, 1853, =Micrelenchus (Micrelenchus) tesselatus (A. Adams, 1853) accepted, alternate representation, =Talopena sublaevis Finlay, 1924
    Height 9mm, Width 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands ACFE.
  • Roseaplagis artizona A. Adams, 1853
    =Cantharidus artizona A. Adams, 1853, =Cantharidus sanguineus bakeri (C.A. Fleming, 1948), =Cantharidus sanguineus var. elongata Suter, 1897, =Gibbula (Cantharidella) micans Suter, 1897, =Gibbula micans Suter, 1897, =Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) artizona (A. Adams, 1853), =Micrelenchus artizona (A. Adams, 1853), =Micrelenchus sanguineus bakeri C.A. Fleming, 1948
    Width 6mm, Height 8mm, Marine, Endemic
    Southern North Island to Stewart Island CFE.
  • Roseaplagis caelatus Hutton, 1884
    =Cantharidus caelatus Hutton, 1884, =Cantharidus sanguineus var. caelatus Hutton, 1884, =Micrelenchus caelatus (Hutton, 1884)
    Height 6.0mm, Width 5.0mm, Marine, Endemic
    Otago to Stewart Island, Snares Islands FE.
  • Roseaplagis mortenseni (Odhner, 1924)
    =Cantharidus mortenseni (Odhner, 1924), =Gibbula mortenseni Odhner, 1924, =Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) mortenseni (Odhner, 1924), =Micrelenchus caelatus archibenthicola Dell, 1956, =Micrelenchus mortenseni (Odhner, 1924), =Micrelenchus sanguineus morioria Powell, 1933
    Width 6mm, Height 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    South Island. From Otago south to Stewart Island. Chatham, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes and Bounty Islands. In beach drift. Living at 10-244 metres CFMAnE.
  • Roseaplagis rufozona A. Adams, 1853
    =Cantharidus rufozona A. Adams, 1853, =Canthiridus rufozona A. Adams, 1853, =Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) rufozona (A. Adams, 1853), =Micrelenchus rufozona (A. Adams, 1853)
    Height 8mm, Width 7mm, Marine, Endemic
    North Island to Cook Strait. In shell sand ACE.
Key to Geographical Ranges
NZ Map showing Geographical Ranges
The symbols K.A.C.F.M.An. are used to indicate the geographical range of the species. They have been adopted to give an approximation of the range of each species within New Zealand.
Kermadec Islands
Aupourian - Kaipara Harbour, north around North Cape, encompassing the Three Kings Islands and south to East Cape
Cookian - Lower North Island and the northern part of the South Island
Forsterian - Otago, Fiordland and Stewart Island
Moriorian - Chatham Islands, Pitt Island
Antipodean - Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand
Fw =
L =
N =
North Island
S =
South Island
E =
I =
R =
Sf =
Fo =